PUBLIC SAFETY REFORM.

View NCGA Bill Details2021
House Bill 560 (Public) Filed Wednesday, April 14, 2021
AN ACT TO MODIFY THE LAWS OF THE STATE RELATING TO PUBLIC SAFETY.
Intro. by Boles, A. Jones, Logan, McNeill.

Status: Ch. SL 2022-58 (Jul 8 2022)

Bill History:

H 560/S.L. 2022-58

Bill Summaries:

  • Summary date: Jul 26 2022 - More information

    AN ACT TO MODIFY THE LAWS OF THE STATE RELATING TO PUBLIC SAFETY. SL 2022-58. Enacted July 8, 2022. Effective July 8, 2022, except as otherwise provided.


  • Summary date: Jun 29 2022 - More information

    Senate amendment makes the following changes to the 4th edition.

    Section 14

    Revises the proposed changes to GS 143-341 to no longer exclude from the Department of Administration's operation of the State's central motor fleet pursuant to GS 143-341, motor vehicles under the ownership, custody, or control of the Division of Emergency Management of the Department of Public Safety (DPS).

    Section 20

    Revises new GS 126-5(c17), which excludes wardens of adult correctional facilities from the State Human Resources Act, GS Chapter 126, with several exceptions specified. Makes technical and clarifying changes to the GS Chapter 126 exceptions identified. Eliminates GS 126-34.02(b)(1) and (b)(2) as an exception (relating to discrimination, harassment, and retaliation contested cases), and instead adds GS 126-34.1(a)(2) to the exceptions listed (GS 126-34.1 has been repealed; appears to intend another GS Chapter 126 statute). No longer includes provisions describing these employees as public servants; requiring filing of Statements of Economic Interest; and providing protections under GS 125-5(e) if hired before that subsection's repeal with minimum cumulative service to qualify under the provision. Changes the effective date of these proposed changes to July 1, 2022 (was, effective on the date of the act becomes law), applicable to persons hired on or after July 1, 2022.


  • Summary date: Jun 22 2022 - More information

    Senate committee substitute to the 3rd edition make the following changes.

    Eliminates the following: (1) the proposed increase of a prisoner's sentence for violating GS 14-258.4 (malicious conduct) and GS 14-258 (possession of tools for escape); (2) new GS 148-18.2, which set value caps on prisoner property and provided for reimbursement of lost or damaged prisoner property; (3) new GS 143-295.2, which provided for inmate property claims against the Department of Public Safety (DPS); (4) new subsection (e) of GS 143-291, which limited the Industrial Commission's jurisdiction over inmate property claims; (5) proposed changes to GS 148-118.2, which limited the Industrial Commission and state administrative bodies' jurisdiction over prisoner complaints; (6) proposed changes to GS 143-291.2, which prohibited the Industrial Commission from taxing the prevailing party hearing costs and limited indigency status for incarcerated individuals bringing a claim who previously brought three or more claims while incarcerated or detained that were dismissed on described grounds; (7) proposed changes to GS 143-295, which allowed for State entities to enter settlements under $25,000 without the approval of the Industrial Commission or filing the required affidavit; (8) proposed changes to GS 143-299.1A, which provided that the public duty doctrine can be used where the claimant is an inmate in the Division of Adult Correction and Juvenile Justice (Division)’s custody unless the injury arises from the gross negligence of DPS or its staff; and (9) proposed GS 143-299.5, which established limited liability for the Division for damages under Article 31 for acts or omissions of its employees tasked with the supervision, protection, control, confinement, or custody of the State’s inmate population. Makes conforming organizational changes. 

    Section 1

    Changes the effective date of the proposed changes to GS 15-205, relating to the duties of probation officers, making the changes effective October 1, 2022 (was, October 1, 2021).

    Further amends GS 15-205, updating the reference to DPS to reflect the Department's change to the Department of Adult Correction (DAC), effective January 1, 2023. Makes language gender neutral. 

    Section 2

    Changes the effective date of the proposed changes to GS 143B-720, relating to the Post-Release Supervision and Parole Commission, making the changes effective October 1, 2022 (was, October 1, 2021). 

    Section 3

    Changes the effective date of new GS 143B-603A, establishing the Continuously Operating Reference Station Fund, making the statute effective July 1, 2022 (was, July 1, 2021). 

    Section 6

    Amends GS 86A-14(7), as enacted, to update the name of DPS to reflect the Department's change to DAC, effective January 1, 2023.

    Section 7

    Replaces the proposed changes to GS 15B-2. Now amends the definition of allowable expense under Article 1, GS Chapter 15B (Crime Victims Compensation Act) to include a total charge of up to $10,000 (was, $5,000) for expenses related to funeral, cremation, and burial, excluding flowers, gravestone, and other funeral service items. Applies to expenses incurred on or after August 1, 2022 (was, July 1, 2021). 

    Adds the following new content.

    Section 9

    Adds to the authority of the Director of the Crime Victims Compensation set forth in GS 15B-6, authority to use remaining funds in any fiscal year to promote the mission of the Commission through outreach awareness measures. Amends GS 15B-21 to require the Commission to include a summary of these outreach measures in its annual report to the specified NCGA committee chairs. 

    Section 9.5

    Amends GS 15B-11, increasing the cap set for compensation payable to a victim and all other claimants sustaining economic loss because of injury to or the death of the victim, from $30,000 to $45,000, in addition to allowable funeral, cremation, and burial expenses. 

    Section 10

    Allows DPS to use up to $500,000 in nonrecurring funds from the surplus funds in the Crime Victims Compensation Fund to establish and implement an online application for claimants. Effective June 30, 2024.

    Section 11

    Changes the sunset to the earlier of January 1, 2024 (was, August 1, 2023) or the completion of the Youth Development Center in Rockingham County, for the provisions of Section 4.15, SL 2020-3, as amended, which amends the definition of security guard to include services at state prisons. 

    Section 12

    Caps inmate pay for assignments that require special skill or training, set in GS 148-18 for employees of Correction Enterprises, at $5 (was, $3) per day. 

    Amends GS 148-133 to cap pay for inmates working for Correction Enterprises at $5 (was, $3) per day, unless specifically approved by the DPS Secretary (previously, did not provide for the Secretary approving higher pay). Further amends the statute, effective January 1, 2023, to reflect the Department's name change.

    Section 13

    Excludes from the Department of Administration's operation of the State's central motor fleet pursuant to GS 143-341, motor vehicles under the ownership, custody, or control of the State Capitol Police and the Division of Emergency Management of DPS. 

    Section 14

    Amends GS 148-132, regarding entities to which the Section of Correction Enterprises is authorized to market and sell its products and services, to permit sales to any federal, state, or local public agency or institution in any state of the union (was, any other state of the union). Maintains existing law that allows for sales to any State agency or institution, and any NC municipality. 

    Section 15

    Repeals GS 166A-19.75(b), which requires emergency management agency appointees to take a written oath before a person authorized to administer oaths in the State prior to entering the person's duties. 

    Section 16

    Directs DPS to work with the Office of State Budget and Management and the Office of the State Controller to establish a certified budget of the new Department of Adult Correction (DAC), effective July 1, 2022, which does not affect the Type 1 transfer process required by Section 19C.9, SL 2021-180. Provides DPS budget execution authority of the newly certified budget until January 1, 2023.

    Effective January 1, 2023, directs DAC to administer and operation all function, powers, duties, obligations, and services related to the department, which has no effect on the authority of certain boards, commission, or other bodies housed within DAC to exercise independence.  

    Section 17

    Effective January 1, 2023, includes as an aggravating factor under GS 15A-1340.16, that an offense was committed against or proximately caused serious injury to a present or former DPS or DAC employee while engaged in their official duties. 

    Section 18

    Effective January 1, 2023, amends GS 15A-150 to include DAC's Combined Records Section in the agencies a clerk must provide expunction notices to.

    Section 19

    Enacts GS 126-5(c17), excluding from the State Human Resources Act, GS Chapter 126, wardens of adult corrections facilities, with several exceptions specified (including application of rules and policies related to classification and compensation, political hires, and grievance procedures). Describes these employees as public servants and requires filing of Statements of Economic Interest. Provides protections under GS 125-5(e) if hired before that subsection's repeal with minimum cumulative service to qualify under the provision. 


  • Summary date: May 5 2021 - More information

    House amendments to the 2nd edition make the following changes.

    House amendment #1 eliminates the proposed changes to Section 36.15, SL 2013-360 which allowed employees of a State agency or institution to perform work involving installation, construction, maintenance, or repair of buildings, wiring, piping, devices, appliances, or equipment located in or constituting improvements located on State-owned land without the requirement of licensure for contractors under GS Chapter 87 if the work is performed by an employee who is employed by the State agency or institution and either the work is valued at less than $100,000 or all work is performed as force-account work otherwise authorized by law up to the value authorized; maintains current law requiring all three criteria to be met. 

    House amendment #3 amends proposed GS 148-18.2, which governs prisoner property. Provides exceptions to the new provision prohibiting the personal property of an inmate in the custody of the Division of Adult Correction and Juvenile Justice (Division), Department of Public Safety (DPS) from exceeding a total value of $250, to allow for an inmate to possess one wedding ring with value not to exceed $500, and to exclude from the prohibition medical devices that are not State-issued and legal material. Regarding the sole remedy provided stating that DPS must reimburse an inmate for the value of an item or provide replacement for an item, when DPS’s Administrative Remedies Procedures results in such a recommendation, when the inmate’s personal property is lost, destroyed or damaged through the negligent maintenance of the correctional facility or the negligence of the correctional facility’s employees, specifies that medical devices or legal material lost, damaged, or destroyed is not limited by this remedy. Limits reimbursement of a wedding ring lost, damaged, or destroyed to $500. Makes technical changes. 

    House amendment #4 deletes the proposed changes to GS 15-205 regarding the duties and powers of probation officers. Instead amends the statute by adding a new provision allowing probation officers to be assigned by the Secretary of Public Safety to perform additional duties during a declared state of emergency or a natural disaster; clarifies that this authority does not convey any additional powers of arrest or other authority beyond the statutory authorities set forth in the statute's existing provisions, now organized as subsection (a) (the previous edition granted probation officers the authority to serve any warrant or other process issuing from any of the State courts having criminal jurisdiction, to assist law enforcement officers in making arrests and preventing escapes from custody when requested or necessary, as well as granted the authority of peace officers in certain circumstances such as transferring prisoners, responding to active assailant incidents, or when assigned to perform additional duties during times of disaster). Effective October 1, 2021.


  • Summary date: May 4 2021 - More information

    House committee substitute to the 1st edition makes the following changes. 

    Section 2

    Modifies the proposed changes to GS 14-258.4(b) to sentence any prisoner who knowingly and willfully exposes genitalia to an employee while the employee is performing the employee's duties to an active punishment with a minimum term of six months (was a minimum term of six months and a maximum of 12 months in prison). Eliminates the proposed technical changes. 

    Section 3

    Amends the proposed changes to GS 14-258(c) to require that any prisoner possessing a letter, weapon, tool, good, article of clothing, device, or instrument to effect an escape or aid in an assault or insurrection must be sentenced to an active sentence with a minimum term of 12 months (was a minimum term of 12 months and a maximum of 24 months in prison. Eliminates the proposed technical changes. 

    Eliminates the proposed changes to GS 15A-1368.1, specifying that Article 84A (Post-Release Supervision) of GS Chapter 15A is applicable to felons sentenced to an active punishment under GS 14-258 (providing forbidden articles or tools for escape), and GS 14-258.4 (malicious conduct by prisoner). 

    Section 4

    Makes technical and clarifying changes to GS 143-18.2 and GS 143-295.2, regarding property of inmates in the custody of the Division of Adult Correction and Juvenile Justice (Division), Department of Public Safety (DPS). 

    Makes a technical change to the proposed changes to GS 143-291.2, regarding the Industrial Commission's authority to tax costs against the losing party.

    Section 5

    Revises the proposed provisions related to powers of a probation officer under GS 15-205, clarifying that new subsection (c) gives probation officers the authority of peace officers for the purpose of protecting life and property on prison property (was the authority of peace officers on prison property for the purpose of protecting life and property) for the purpose of transferring prisoners from place to place, and for apprehending, arresting, and returning escaped prisoners to prison. 

    Section 6

    Makes a technical change to the proposed changes to GS 143B-720 to specify that CJLEADS stands for the Criminal Justice Law Enforcement Automated Data System.


  • Summary date: Apr 14 2021 - More information

    Section 1

    Amends Section 36.15, SL 2013-360 to allow employees of a State agency or institution to perform work involving installation, construction, maintenance, or repair of buildings, wiring, piping, devices, appliances, or equipment located in or constituting improvements located on State-owned land without the requirement of licensure for contractors under GS Chapter 87 if the work is performed by an employee who is employed by the State agency or institution and either the work is valued at less than $100,000 or all work is performed as force-account work otherwise authorized by law up to the value authorized (previously, worded to require all three criteria to be met). 

    Section 2

    Amends GS 14-258.4 to sentence any prisoner who knowingly and willfully exposes genitalia to an employee while the employee is performing the employee's duties to a minimum term of six months and a maximum of 12 months in prison; maintains that the offense is punishable as a Class I felony. Clarifies that sentences imposed under the statute run consecutively to and commence at the expiration of any sentence being served for an offense by the person sentenced. Applies to offenses committed on or after December 1, 2021.

    Section 3

    Amends GS 14-258 to require that any prisoner possessing a letter, weapon, tool, good, article of clothing, device, or instrument to effect an escape or aid in an assault or insurrection must be sentenced to a minimum term of 12 months and a maximum of 24 months in prison. Provides for punishment as a Class H felon (technical change; the offense is currently a Class H felony). Makes organizational changes. 

    Amends GS 15A-1368.1 by making conforming changes to specify that Article 84A (Post-Release Supervision) of GS Chapter 15A is applicable to felons sentenced to an active punishment under GS 14-258 (providing forbidden articles or tools for escape), and GS 14-258.4 (malicious conduct by prisoner). Makes organizational changes.

    Applies to offenses committed on or after December 1, 2021.

    Section 4

    Enacts GS 143-18.2 to prohibit the personal property of an inmate in the custody of the Division of Adult Correction and Juvenile Justice (Division), Department of Public Safety (DPS) from exceeding a total value of $250. Requires DPS to reimburse an inmate for the value of an item or provide replacement for an item, when DPS’s Administrative Remedies Procedures results in such a recommendation, when the inmate’s personal property is lost, destroyed or damaged through the negligent maintenance of the correctional facility or the negligence of the correctional facility’s employees. Establishes this remedy as the sole remedy for inmate personal property loss, damage, or destruction. Limits reimbursement from exceeding $250 per incident. Prohibits reimbursement of an inmate for lost, damaged, or destroyed State-issued property. 

    Enacts GS 143-295.2 to establish that an inmate has no recourse against the Division through Article 31, Tort Claims against State Departments and Agencies, for property lost, stolen, or otherwise damaged through the negligent handling of its correctional facility or staff members, but instead requires reimbursement or replacement of the item pursuant to new GS 148-18.2.

    Enacts GS 143-291(e). Establishes that the Industrial Commission (Commission) has no jurisdiction over any claim brought by an inmate in the custody of the Division unless the inmate has exhausted DPS’s Administrative Remedy Procedure set out in GS 148-118.2. Makes conforming changes to GS 148-118.2. Eliminates the provision which allowed a court to waive the exhaustion requirement if it finds waiver to be in the interest of justice. 

    Amends GS 143-291.2 to specify that the Commission can tax costs against the losing party in the same amount and manner as costs are taxed in the Superior Court Division of the General Court of Justice (previously, did not specify costs and manner of superior court). Adds an explicit prohibition against the Commission taxing the cost against the prevailing party. Additionally establishes a new disqualification for an inmate seeking indigent status. Prohibits granting indigent status to a currently incarcerated inmate who is the claimant under Article 31 if, while incarcerated or detained in any State facility, the inmate has on three or more prior occasions brought an action or appeal before the Commission that was dismissed on the grounds that it was either frivolous, malicious, not within the statute of limitations, exceeding the exclusive jurisdiction of the Commission, or failing to state a claim upon which relief can by granted. 

    Amends GS 143-295 to authorize claims to be settled upon agreement between the various departments, institutions, and agencies of the State and the claimant without approval of the Commission for any amount not to exceed $25,000 (previously, this authority was limited to settlement between the claimant and the Attorney General). Makes conforming changes.

    Amends GS 143-299.1A, regarding when the public duty doctrine can be used as an affirmative defense. Establishes that the provisions which specify when the doctrine cannot be used do not limit the application of the public duty doctrine in cases where the claimant is an inmate in the Division’s custody unless the injury arises from the gross negligence of DPS or its staff. 

    Enacts GS 143-299.5 to establish limited liability for the Division for damages under Article 31 for acts or omissions of its employees tasked with the supervision, protection, control, confinement, or custody of the State’s inmate population. Excepts gross negligence from the immunity provided.

    Applies to property held and actions or claims brought after October 1, 2021. 

    Section 5

    Amends the powers of a probation officer under GS 15-205 by giving probation officers the authority to serve any warrant or other process issuing from any of the State courts having criminal jurisdiction. Removes the same right to execute process as that given to sheriffs. Gives probation officers authority to assist law enforcement officers in making arrests and preventing escapes from custody when requested or when, in the judgment of the probation officer, such assistance may be necessary. Gives probation officers the authority of peace officers on prison property for the purpose of protecting life and property, for the purpose of transferring prisoners from place to place, and for apprehending, arresting, and returning to prison escaped prisoners. Gives probation officers the authority of peace officers when responding to active assailant incidents and civil disturbances or when assigned to perform additional duties during times of disasters. Effective October 1, 2021.

    Section 6

    Amends GS 143B-720 to give the Post-Release Supervision and Parole Commission authority to issue orders of temporary or conditional revocation of post-release supervision and parole subjecting supervisees and parolees to arrest by a law enforcement officer or a post-release supervision and parole officer. Requires such orders to be entered into CJLEADS. Effective October 1, 2021.

    Section 7

    Enacts GS 143B-603A, establishing the Continuously Operating Reference Station Fund (Fund) for the operation, maintenance, and expansion of the NC Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS)/Real Time Network (RTN) by the NC Geodetic Survey. Provides for funds in the Fund, including legislative appropriations, donations and monies contributed by State and non-State entities. Restricts use of funds to costs associated with CORS/RTN operations, maintenance, and expansion. Effective July 1, 2021.

    Section 8

    Expands GS 166A-19.21 to require the Secretary of DPS to provide the Governor and the NCGA with a preliminary damage assessment as soon as available when a state of emergency is declared by a municipality or county under GS 166A-19.22 as well as when a state of emergency is declared by the Governor or NCGA under GS 166A-19.20.

    Section 9

    Amends GS 8-53.10 concerning peer support group counselors. Defines emergency personnel officer as firefighting, search and rescue, or emergency medical service personnel, or any employee of any duly accredited State or local government agency possessing authority to enforce the criminal laws of the State who is (1) actively serving in a position with assigned primary duties and responsibilities for prevention and detection of crime or the general enforcement of the criminal laws of the State and (2) possesses the power of arrest by virtue of an oath administered under the authority of the State. Adds emergency personnel officers to the definition of peer counselor under the statute, subject to the training and designation criteria specified therein. Expands peer counselor to include both active or retired law enforcement officers. Makes conforming changes to the definition of privileged communication

    Section 10

    Amends GS 86A-14 to exempt inmates under the jurisdiction of DPS from the licensing requirements for barbers under GS Chapter 86A.

    Section 11

    Amends GS 15B-2 by amending the definition of allowable expense under Article 1, GS Chapter 15B (Crime Victims Compensation Act) to include a total charge of up to $8,000 (was, $5,000) for expenses related to funeral, cremation, and burial, excluding flowers, gravestone, and other funeral service items. Applies to expenses incurred on or after July 1, 2021. 

    Section 12

    Revises the controlling conditions of post-release supervision which can result in revocation of post-release supervision under GS 15A-1368.4(e) to include warrantless searches by the post-release supervision officer of the supervisee's person and of the supervisee's vehicle and premises while the supervisee is present for purposes reasonably related to the post-release supervision, at reasonable times (previously, only provided for searches of the supervisee's person, and did not specify that the searches do not require a warrant). 

    Section 13

    Makes the act effective on the date the act becomes law unless otherwise provided. 


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