Bill Summary for H 474 (2019-2020)

Summary date: 

Mar 26 2019

Bill Information:

View NCGA Bill Details2019-2020 Session
House Bill 474 (Public) Filed Tuesday, March 26, 2019
AN ACT TO CREATE THE OFFENSES OF DEATH BY DISTRIBUTION OF CERTAIN CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND AGGRAVATED DEATH BY DISTRIBUTION OF CERTAIN CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES.
Intro. by Arp, D. Hall, C. Smith, Faircloth.

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Bill summary

Includes whereas clauses.

Enacts new GS 14-18.4 creating the crime of death by distribution of certain controlled substances applicable in instances when (1) the person unlawfully distributed at least one certain controlled substance to the victim, (2) the ingestion of the certain controlled substance or substances caused the user's death, (3) the person's unlawful distribution of the certain controlled substance or substances was a proximate cause of the victim's death, and (4) the person did not act with malice. Punishable as a Class C felony.

A person is guilty of aggravated death by distribution of certain controlled substances if the person meets the elements of distribution of certain controlled substances described above and also has a previous conviction under this statute, GS 90-95(a)(1) (manufacture, sell or deliver, or possess with intent to manufacture, sell or deliver, a controlled substance), GS 90-95(e)(5) (any person 18 years of age or over who violates GS 90-95(a)(1) by selling or delivering a controlled substance to a youth in the identified age ranges or to a pregnant woman), GS 90-95.1 (engaging in a continuing criminal enterprise), GS 90-95.4 (employing or intentionally using a minor to commit a drug law violation), GS 90-95.6 (promoting drug sales by a minor), or trafficking in violation of GS 90-95; or a prior conviction in any federal or state court is substantially similar to an offense listed, within seven years of the date of the offense. Punishable as a Class B2 felony.

Defines certain controlled substances as any opium, opiate, or opioid; any synthetic or natural salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium, opiate, or opioid; cocaine or any other substance described in GS 90-90(1)(d); methamphetamine; a depressant described in GS 90-92(a)(1); or a mixture of one or more of these substances.

Provides that death by distribution of certain controlled substances constitutes a lesser included offense of aggravated death by distribution of certain controlled substances in violation of this statute and of murder.

Includes the General Assembly's intent.

Applies to offenses committed on or after December 1, 2019. 

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